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Ocean Science An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union

Scheduled special issues

The following special issues are scheduled for publication in OS and its discussion forum OSD:

Developments in the science and history of tides (OS/ACP/HGSS/NPG/SE inter-journal SI)
01 Jan 2018–31 Dec 2019 | Guest editors: P. L. Woodworth, R. D. Ray, M. Green, and J. M. Huthnance | Information

The issue is open to any aspect of the subject including the present accuracy of coastal, regional and global tide models; tidal dissipation and its role in geophysics; internal tides and their role in mixing the ocean and in the global ocean circulation; secular changes in tides; and new techniques for measuring tides and analysing the data. The issue also welcomes new findings on earth and atmospheric tides, the role of tides in the origin of life on earth, palaeotides, lake and planetary tides and many other aspects of tides.

The launch of the special issue coincides with the upcoming 100th anniversary of the founding of the Liverpool Tidal Institute (LTI). The LTI was established in 1919 and for many years was the world centre for knowledge of the tides, with Joseph Proudman taking the lead in dynamical theories and Arthur Doodson in the analysis of tidal information from around the world, and tidal prediction. The year 2019 is also the 100th anniversary of the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics (IUGG), which will meet in Montreal during 9–18 July 2019. The Montreal IUGG will include a Joint Symposium on Tides (with IAPSO as the lead Association) that will be open to all of the aspects of tidal science mentioned above. The symposium will provide a fitting recognition of the anniversaries of both the LTI and IUGG. Contributors to the symposium would be encouraged to write up their work for publication in the special issue.

The special issue is open for contributions now and will stay open until the end of 2019, thereby taking advantage of new findings presented at the IUGG. It is open to any contributor, not only those with links to the LTI or attending the IUGG in Montreal.

Shipping and the Environment – From Regional to Global Perspectives (ACP/OS inter-journal SI)
01 Feb 2018–31 Aug 2019 | Guest editors: J. M. Huthnance and D. Turner | Information

Exhaust emissions from shipping originating from combustion of marine fuels contribute significantly to the anthropogenic burden of air pollutants which have negative effects on human health and ecosystems, including increased human mortality and morbidity, and acidification and eutrophication of freshwaters and marine waters. There is also a rising awareness of the negative impact from shipping on the marine environment. To summarize, the impact of shipping on induced seawater pollution is challenging as the stressors (nutrients, hazardous substances, particulate contaminants, acidifying substances, and invasive species) come from many different activities related to shipping, and act differently, and it is difficult to find a common denominator to assess the total impact. It is recognized that anthropogenic noise might also have adverse effects on the marine environment. The ambition to reduce the negative environmental impacts of international shipping is an overarching objective of international and macro-regional conventions, directives, and national legislation.

Recognition of the topic's importance has resulted in growing research momentum on the environmental consequences of shipping. An international conference, "Shipping and the Environment – From Regional to Global Perspectives", which took place in Gothenburg, Sweden, 23–24 October, was a joint activity of the BONUS SHEBA (Shipping and the environment of the Baltic Sea Region) and SOLAS international projects. The large interest in the conference (118 participants from 15 countries) showed that an initiative covering a wide range of natural and social sciences involved in assessment of impacts of shipping has been very timely. As a follow-up of the conference, this proposed special issue aims to address a wide range of impacts of shipping on air pollution, seawater pollution, underwater noise and climate, environmental impacts of these pressures, as well as the socio-economic consequences of these. It would be open not only to papers presented at the conference, but also to others addressing the topic.

To illustrate the range of topics to be covered by the special issue and the need for a joint issue between ACP and OS, the topics covered at the conference included experimental characterization of emissions to air and water and of underwater noise from shipping, emission inventories including the scenario emissions and impact of legislation, economic instruments and technological development on these, air quality and oceanic modelling of fates and effects of pollutants from shipping, assessment of impacts of emissions on human health, land, and marine ecosystems, and assessment of socioeconomic consequences of the environmental impacts and abatement measures.

Coastal marine infrastructure in support of monitoring, science, and policy strategies
15 Oct 2017–10 Jan 2018 | Guest editors: I. Puillat-Felix, S. Sparnocchia, L. Delauney, G. Petihakis, W. Petersen, A. Grémare, J. Seppälä, V. Créach, G. Charria, and O. Zielinski | Information

The purpose of this special issue is to illustrate the role of a sustainable coastal research infrastructure in supporting monitoring, sciences, and management of the coastal marine areas. As such the JERICO-RI research infrastructure is most suitable, gathering 34 partners in Europe with the same overarching objective: to strengthen and enlarge a solid and transparent European network of coastal observatories and to provide an operational service for the timely, continuous, and sustainable delivery of high-quality environmental (physical, biogeochemical, and biological) data and services related to the marine environment in European coastal seas. Six scientific areas are targeted, from the sensor development to the data analysis and the scientific results. These are the following:

  • the pelagic biodiversity with phytoplankton and harmful algal blooms;
  • the benthic biodiversity and habitats;
  • the contaminant transports;
  • the coastal transport and hydrology;
  • the carbonate systems and C cycle;
  • the coastal operational oceanography and modelling.

REP14-MED: A Glider Fleet Experiment in a Limited Marine Area
16 May 2016–31 Mar 2018 | Guest editors: G. Nurser, J. Chiggiato, K. J. Heywood, G. Quattrocchi, R. Onken, and A. Russo | Information

The REP14-MED experiment was conducted by the Centre of Maritime Research and Experimentation (CMRE, La Spezia, Italy), and supported by 20 partners from six different nations, offshore from Sardinia. In a limited area of about 110x110 km2, dense oceanographic observations were collected in the period 7–24 June 2014 by two research vessels, eleven underwater gliders from three different manufacturers, various oceanographic and meteorological moorings, surface drifters, and a profiling float.

The main objective of the experiment was the collection of adequate data sets in order to pursue several objectives, including (i) finding the best sampling strategy for ocean forecasting, (ii) model validation, (iii) evaluation of forecast skill, (iv) exploring ocean variability, (v) performing a cost–benefit analysis of glider data collection, and (vi) analysis of mesoscale and submesoscale structures.

This special issue includes invited papers, but it is also open for additional contributions if coherent (to be evaluated by the editors) with the objectives as specified.

Surface Ocean Aerosol Production (SOAP) (ACP/OS inter-journal SI)
01 Jul 2013–01 Jan 2018 | Guest editors: C. Law, M. Harvey, M. Smith, P. Quinn, N. Harris, and M. Hoppema | Information

Biologically-active regions of the surface ocean support production of a range of compounds that influence aerosol particle production, composition and properties in the overlying marine boundary layer. In February-March 2012 the SOAP (Surface Ocean Aerosol Production) voyage examined biotic influences on aerosol production to the east of New Zealand, by targeting phytoplankton blooms along the Sub-Tropical Front, with the aim of constraining the relationships between DMS and aerosol flux and characteristics, and phytoplankton biomass and community composition, by multi-disciplinary research within three workpackages:

  • WP1. Surface ocean biogeochemical links with aerosol precursors;
  • WP2. Exchange rate and physical drivers of the transfer of DMS & CO2 and
  • WP3. Organic emissions, nucleation and interactions with the aerosol distribution in the overlying marine boundary layer.

The results of this research voyage will be detailed in this Special Issue, which will contain invited papers only.

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